Water features complete any backyard, and ponds are beyond a decorative addition to your yard. A pond, particularly one with colorful fish and plants, can become the focal point of your garden. Think of how beautifully it can highlight your space when perfectly lit at night?

Listen to sound of trickling water…that’s very relaxing and calming! And noise from street traffic or noisy neighbors can be cancelled out as well.

Ponds are the perfect backdrop for daily inspiration, and the best part is how affordable it is to actually construct one. If you’d like to add a pond to your yard, here is a simple guide to pond construction:

  1. Pick an Ideal Spot

Ponds should be constructed in open areas with at least six hours of sun per day, ideally, with morning sun and afternoon shade which helps to keep the water cool, aiding in algae control.

Additionally, your pond should be away from trees to ensure the roots don’t grow back into your pond and ensure no leaves or fruits fall into the pond and clog the system, especially if you don’t maintain it on a regular basis.

It’s best to construct your pond near the house, at a spot where you can enjoy the view and therapeutic sounds. This will also make it easier to maintain, especially in the winter so it is not icing over and killing your fish.

  1. Access to Water

Access to water is key for your pond, particularly, to fill up your pond, and also, top it up when some water evaporates during the hot days. You can top up using a garden hose or use an automatic fill valve which is attached to a hidden (buried) water line.

And if you don’t keep the water in the pond flowing or agitated and aerated, it will become stagnant, and algae-filled. Stir the pond by creating a fountain, waterfall or use an air pump that subtly ripples up the pond.

  1. Choose your Preferred Size & Budget

When deciding the size of pond to construct, consider if you will want to have water plants and animals. If you do, then a deeper pond will be perfect if you want your fish to breed! Also, the overall size will be determined by the amount of space you have and overall budget.

You can DIY your own pond if you have the expertise. However, we recommend new pond owners to look for a competent builder in their local area to construct their first water pond.


Before breaking ground, you must check and comply with local codes to determine whether or not you need permits to have a pond. Also, check with your homeowner’s insurance.  

  1. Add Plants

Pond plants like cattail, lotus, blue iris, water lilies and water hyacinth add natural beauty and a wild feel to your pond, especially when their flowers bloom.

However, make sure your pond is over 4 feet deep to ensure the plants do not dominate the pond making any activity difficult. Hence, control is appropriate at such a stage.

  1. Keep Your Fish

Fish also add visual appeal, life and fun to your pond, especially when they swim about. They also help reduce pond maintenance because they eat algae and other sediments settling at the bottom of the pond.

When deciding what fish to rear, consider the different kinds of species and their differing characteristics. There are fish that have camouflage in natural water, those that dig the bottom, eat plants and algae, and fish that propagate quickly.

While Koi and gold fish are among the most popular options, you can always mix and match various types of fish for a beautiful ecosystem.

  1. Remember to Maintain!

Commit to maintaining your pond.  Treat the pond with an aerobic bacterial product to keep algae at bay and clean your filters well using a hose pipe.

To remove any debris and keep the water flowing, keep your pump and filter going all year round. Also, don’t overstock your pond with fish or plants to ensure it does not affect water quality.  Come winter, be sure to winterize, which means to prepare your pond for the winter.

Remember, you can always request expert help for your pond’s maintenance.

Now go ahead and construct your pond!